History of technology consists of the history of invention, development, and innovation. As well as the history of engineering and applied science.
The term technology, which is a mixture of the Greek technē, “art, craft,” with logos. Meant in Greece a discussion on the arts, fine and applied. When it first emerges in English in the seventeen century. It, therefore, implies a discussion of the applied arts only. Then progressively these “arts” themselves got here to be the object of the designation. By the early twentieth century, the time period embraced a developing range of means, processes, and thoughts. In addition to tools and machines. By the mid-century, technological know-how was once described by using such phrases. Such as “the means or activity via which man seeks to alternate or manipulate his environment’. Still, the observers criticize even such vast definitions. Pointing out the growing concern of distinguishing between scientific inquiry and technological activity.
This article will provide a timeline of the history of technology from its beginning.
4 Billion years ago
Solar energy, Metabolic Assemblages
Earth developed around 4.54 billion years ago. About one-third the age of the universe, via accretion from the solar nebula. Volcanic outgassing possibly created the primordial ecosystem. And then the ocean. But the new ecosystem contained nearly no oxygen.
The embryonic metabolic assemblages begin to use nucleic acids as organic software storage. And the transmission system. Eukaryotes evolve a new shape of existence. In which separate organismal domains cooperate as living tools.
500 Million years ago
The mineralized shell, a burst of many life forms
An evolutionary burst of life occurred in this age. Which is regarded as the “Cambrian Explosion’. This, therefore, marks a vital point in the history of life on earth. As most of the primary lineages of animals got their starts in the course of the Cambrian Period. And has been evolving ever since.
3.3 Million years ago
stone tools, Oldowan stone tools
The history of the first technological advancement started by the Ancient hominids. It is on the shores of Lake Turkana in Kenya. It is when they begin using Oldowan stone tools. The tools include small knives made from Sharpe stones. The makers of the tools are known as both Kenyanthropus platyops and Australopithecus platyops.
1.5 Million years ago
Large stone tools, Acheulean stone tools, Fire
After the invention of first stone tools. The later human species started to explore advanced tools. Like bifacial hand axes by using the Acheulean method of tool making. This is also the era when Ancient hominids the African hominins discover fire. And also discover the ways to use it for cooking purposes.
500,000 years ago
First fabricated human structure
The first man-made structure was discovered in Japan. It was known as ‘The Chichibu Shelter’. It was the first civilized structure that was made by Homo erectus civilization. which was in the shape of a hut.
400,000 years ago
Schoningen spears are the first known wooden spears found in Germany.
70,000 years ago
First stone symbols
The first stones with symbols are found in Bolombus cave in South Africa. The symbols were carved on stones. And is also regarded as the first Abstract artwork by the Hominins.
30,000 years ago
First watercraft, domestication of plants and other animals
The studies discovered that by now, humans gained practical knowledge of watercraft. And also the use of plants and animals for domestic purposes. This was the start of the greatest human invention The Agricultural Revolution.
20,000 years ago
This time was considered the boom time of technological advancement. As many things evolved in this period. Homo sapiens gain more awareness about shelter construction. And also growing food through agriculture. Also, new numerical notation evolved like the engraved “Ishango bone.” Which was used either as a calendar
The first irrigation structures arose roughly in the civilizations of the Tigris-Euphrates. which exits in the river valley in Mesopotamia. And the River Nile valley in Egypt. Since irrigation requires a large amount of work. Therefore it indicates an excessive level of social organization.
Advance sailing structures
The first sailing ships had been used on the Nile River. Since the Nile does not enable as a great deal space for free sailing as the ocean. These ships additionally had oars for navigation.
Ivorian technology stone tools, Sumerian abacus
This era marks the invention of the simple tabulating machine. Also called primitive computers. Also, advancement in the stone tools appears on the West African Ivory Coast.
Iron and metals
About this time, the manufacturing of Iron grew to become significant. Iron was once a lot more abundant than copper and tin. The two metals that makeup bronze. And, for this reason, put metallic tools into more hands than ever before.
Gun powder, Drone
A mechanical steam-driven arrow drone was invented. Which was capable of a powered flight. Also, in China, the chemists invented gun powder. Which was used further in arrow rockets instead of steam to propel the rockets in the air.
The Antikythera mechanism marks the era of the first analog computer.
Roman survivors used the odometers. Which is a wooden cart with fitted toothed gears to measure al the roads that led back to Roam.
1St century AD
The Alexandrian engineer invents the Aeolipile or the first steam-driven engine in that era.
The Chinese polymath Zhang Hang invents a Sesimoscope. Which was capable of detecting a distant earthquake. And it also detects where it happens.
The Andalusian scientist and poet Abbas Ibn e Firnas was one among the first who actually take a flight. he uses one of a kind gliders to do that.
1044-History of technology
The first compass was invented by the way. When soldiers used a fish-shaped piece of magnetized the iron floating in a bowl of water. To find their way back when the sky was too cloudy to see the stars.
The first mechanical clock was invented in the 13th century in Europe. And is used in cathedrals to mark the time when the service begins.
1455-History of technology
Johannes Gutenberg finished the printing of the Bible. Which is the first book printed in the West using movable type. Gutenberg’s printing press led to a data explosion in Europe.
The industrial revolution, The steam engine
Newcomen and James Watt initiated the first industrial Revolution. The Spaniard Jeronimo de Ayanz Y Beaumont obtained exclusive rights from the Spanish kingdom for a steam-driven water pump. Then, Savery, Newcomen and Watt did subsequent incarnations. And refines the steam-driven water pump. This brought the industrial revolution.
1804-History of technology
On 21 February 1804, the world’s first steam-powered railway trip took place. When Trevithick’s unnamed steam locomotive hauled a train alongside the tramway of the Penydarren ironworks. Which was close to Merthyr Tydfil in South Wales.
1807-History of technology
An American inventor, Robert Fulton, constructs the first successful steamboat Clermont in 1807. Structures and, eventually, moved to France to work on canals.
Difference engine, Photography, Reaper
Charles Babbage designed the difference engine which paved the way for future computers.
The Niépce Heliograph was invented in 1827. All through this period of intense experimentation, it is the earliest photograph produced. With the resource of the camera obscura known to continue to exist today.
One such invention was the mechanical reaper. Cyrus McCormick in 1831 invents the mechanical harvester. The farmers use this machine to harvest crops mechanically. For thousands of years, farmers and field employees had to harvest crops through hand using a sickle or different methods, which was an exhausting challenge at best.
Telegraph, Internal combustion engine
On May 24, 1844, Morse dispatched Vail the historic first message. “What hath God wrought!”. The telegraph device subsequently unfolds throughout America and the world.
In 1860, Belgian Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir invented a gas-fired internal combustion engine. Then in 1864, Nikolaus Otto patented the first atmospheric fuel engine. After that 1872, American George Brayton invented the first industrial liquid-fueled internal combustion engine.
Telephone, Electric light, Automobile
The Italian innovator Antonio Meucci (pictured at left) invents the first primary telephone in 1849. And Frenchman Charles Bourseul devised a telephone in 1854. Alexander Graham Bell won the first U.S. patent for the device in 1876.
In November 1879, Edison registered a patent for an electric-powered lamp with a carbon filament. Several months after gaining the license in 1879, Edison and his crew discover that a carbonized bamboo filament can burn for more than 1,200 hours.
Karl Benz invented petrol or the gasoline-powered automobile in 1885. Therefore, this marks the first “production” automobile. As Benz made numerous different same copies. The car gains power by using a single-cylinder four-stroke engine.
Italian inventor and engineer Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) invented, confirmed, and marketed the first profitable long-distance wireless telegraph. And, in 1901, broadcast the first transatlantic radio signal.
The Wright brothers, on December 17, 1903, executed four short flights at Kitty Hawk. With their first powered aircraft. The Wright brothers had invented the first successful aeroplane. The Wrights used this stopwatch to time the Kitty Hawk flights.
Robert Hutchings Goddard, An American engineer, professor, physicist, and inventor who develops the world’s first liquid-fueled rocket. Goddard successfully launches his rocket on March 16, 1926, ushering in a generation of space flight and innovation.
A 21-year-old inventor named Philo Taylor Farnsworth invents the first electronic television in 1927. That inventor lived in a residence without electricity until he was age 14.
Age of supercomputing
Clifford Berry, he invents the Atanasoff-Berry Computer. A computing device successful in solving differential. Digital computers, any of a type of device successful in fixing problems with the aid of processing.
Nuclear power, transistor
Chicago Pile-1 (CP-1) is the world’s first artificial nuclear reactor. 2nd December 1942, is the date which marks the launch of the first human-made self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction CP-1. During a test led with the aid of Enrico Fermi. On December 23, 1947, the Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey tests the first transistor. Bell Labs is the research arm of the American Telephone and Telegraph.
1957-History of Technology
First space flight
In October 1957 The Soviet Union initiates Sputnik 1. The first orbital flight of an artificial satellite. After that SU lanced the first animal to orbit the Earth, a dog, Laika. Who died in orbit a few hours after launch.
The personal computer
A small company MITS invents the first personal computer. The Altair, As this computer uses the Intel Corporation’s 8080 microprocessor. Intel develops the processor in 1974.
An American biochemist Jennifer Doudna and French microbiologist Emmanuelle Charpentier incurred CRISPR-Cas9. An approach for modifying genes. That is, making adjustments to DNA sequences.
The year 2017 is the year of artificial intelligence. As AI is the technology that simulates the human cognitive process.
In conclusion, advancement in technology is an on-going process. And it will continue to grow as the human civilization grows.